COMMERCIAL HOGS/SWINE/PIGS VS. HERITAGE FARM-RAISED, RANGE PIGS VS. RAINBOW RANCH FARMS
Commercial swine are bred specifically for meat. They are kept in confinement to help prevent disease. They are not ranged, and are kept penned for the purposes of quickly, gaining weight and to prevent the loss of too many calories. Each commercial breed of swine are specifically bred and altered through breed management to produce either loin chops, or pork belly (for bacon), or hams, or shoulder roasts etc.
Rarely will you find a commercial strain/breed of swine that is designed to produce multiple cuts of pork meat.
Commercial swine consume from 8-10/lbs. of commercial/industrialized swine fodder each day. Commercial/industrialized swine fodder will usually consist of commodity grains such as, corn, soy, wheat, barley, oats, flax seeds, and other ingredients for vitamins and minerals. Commercial swine fodder is usually medicated to help prevent intestinal parasites, disease or illness.
Commercial swine farmers spend anywhere from $$45.-$58. on fodder for one hog. The total cost to raise one commercial hog is around $90.00. The average cost to raise a commercial pig is about 48 - 58% of the total cost to raise it!
Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) or feed conversion efficiency (FCE) is the overall ability of livestock to turn feed and fodder mass into body (muscle) mass. Commercial pig's conversion ratio is usually about 3 - 5.(depending on specific breed)
This will affect the price consumers pay for various pork cuts.
VS. The Majority of Small Family Farms